AIR SUPPLY (and I do not mean the musical duo… even though they are cool).

Since the start of February 2017 I have been sick…my chest is congested and I have serious allergies and an infected sinus. My child is also afflicted in some of these ways. The problem is especially acute in the nights, impacting our rest and slumber. I saw a news item involving residents bemoaning the quality of the air in the Mandela Highway- Washington Blvd areas including also the community (or is it city?) of Portmore. As I listened I realized that my family and I do have a tendency to get this type of sickness at intervals throughout any given calendar year. Sometimes I can trace and pinpoint the exact issue (a landfill fire- see a previous post) whether deliberate or accidental in nature or a result of sugar cane reaping season. However lately the last few attacks have been a little insidious in nature. As a Researcher and also an Environmentalist/Urban Planner I am somewhat good at identifying patterns and noting change. I am therefore by a process of elimination concluding that chemical interactions are abound at the landfill emitting noxious  and unseen fumes into our air. The integrity of our air quality is compromised and its safe to say that without a sanitary landfill -major incidents or no, we are in perpetual danger.

As it is a topical and current issue an article was published  in a major daily newspaper today linked HERE I read with interest and  I was not encouraged as there was no immediate solution or rescue in sight. Though bummed I am trying to remain an empathetic human being and a realist. I want to be a part of the change I seek so, after pondering over the article, I had some thoughts.

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Image source is from the hardcopy printed article with bar graphs highlighting some air quality results of affected areas close to the major landfill over the last five (5) years – data availability allowing.

This article highlighted a myriad of issues. There were inter-connected institutional, operational and policy elements. I also drew on comments rendered during the @liveat7  episode I watched last Friday (10/02/2017) as they rounded out the week of major headlines. A part of the recap included attempts by the panel members to gauge the sentiments, on the ground, as it pertained to the preliminary tabling of the national budget. A part of the discussion was the whole matter of the amalgamation of Ministries and portfolios. It was reiterated against the background that one of the only required Ministry was that of Finance, as promulgated by the Constitution.There was even a suggestion that perhaps there could be a ‘doing away’ with some of the Ministries and portfolios as they existed, one example was the Ministry of Culture, Sports, etc.The rationale being that sometimes the thought behind awarding these portfolios included as political rewards to party die-hards. But this is not what this post is about. I want to posit that we start to look more at Oversight Committees (OC) for matters impacting the ‘commons.’ This OC approach  is already implemented with the Economic Growth Council (EGC) which is aimed at among other things streamlining efforts to achieve the GOJ’s growth and prosperity agenda. Subsequently, an OC for the environment could then incorporate any matter or issue related to the management of our natural environment/ resources. With such an arrangement there could be a more efficient channeling of resources. An immediate gain would be the utilization of specialized groups to address arising (and persistent problems). It may mean a retention of the NEPA albeit at lower capacity and most importantly solely in a regulatory and enforcement function. Afterall such agencies, as they exist, require year round funding for staff and salaries, etc. Therefore some cost savings there as well. It would allow for  NEPA to focus on its core functions – regulate AS WELL AS enforce (bearing in mind that the two activities are not mutually exclusive). The obvious value added to this suggestion is that the public can hold the agency accountable for the fees collected (during regulation) against the service provided (during enforcement).  A comparative analysis could be done to determine the feasibility of operating the OCE versus the cost of the current operations of NEPA. To further illustrate how this would work, the OCE could have a standing order to meet on a quarterly basis in addition to as required for those times of national crisis and  emergencies (in which case a multi-stakeholder approach can be employed such as currently obtain in major disaster responses such as post hurricane events). The option would also be available for different modalities, such as specific to the problem arising,  in which case specialized action may be required. This again would  preclude the need for an all year round staff and agency administration in its current state.

The bottom bottomline– resultant cost savings in wage bills to be diverted to assist with optimizing service provisions such as- I don’t know maybe-  better Air Quality Monitoring capabilities, upgrading the main disposal site on the island (Riverton) to a sanitary landfill, improving municipal and industrial waste disposal, increasing enforcement and providing the JIS* with a bigger public education budget to enlargen the public awareness campaign against illicit dumping and the burning of garbage, etc.

*the suggestion here is that all major national public education campaigns should be centralized and emanate out of the Jamaica Information Service (JIS).

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Fighting Inequality(ies)…

The week of January 14-20, 2017 is being utilized as a week of action to FIGHT INEQUALITY. Initiated by the  Fight Inequality Alliance, its aimed at drawing attention and focus on inequality within the global economic realm and especially highlighting the far reaching effect of poverty and general impoverishment. This is purposely to coincide with the World Economic Forum occurring within the same period in Davos, Switzerland.

fight-inequalityThe reason for this global call to action is expressed below, as per the website – http://www.fightinequality.org:

Inequality has reached extreme and dangerous levels, and has put too much power into the hands of millionaires and powerful corporations. What’s worse, a growing number of hate-filled leaders are gaining power by pretending to stand up for the poorest. But they are not champions for ordinary people and have no intention of ending corporate greed, tax dodging, privatisation of services, and exploitation of workers, women and minorities. In fact, they are stirring division and discrimination that threatens to take us back to the horrors of the past.We know it’s possible to have a society where everyone matters, and nobody is rich or powerful enough to be immune from the rules. But powerful elites and corporations won’t change a system that works for them without pressure.

Evidence to this is given for example by OXFAMAmerica which highlights that just 8 men have as much wealth as the poorest half of the world’s population. Source:www.oxfamamerica.org/just8.

 

Related image

Image source: Sustainable Human

Consequently this leads to disparities in income (micro) and the disproportionate economies of scale (macro) which manifest into all types of inequalities and inequalities at all levels, namely social and spatial inequalities. The capitalist mindset stemming from modern day commerce and industry have through the centuries, post -Industrial Revolution era, contributed to the accumulation and amassing of familial wealth. The wealth have been so concentrated within these hands that it is a vain attempt at extricating same except through philanthropy and endowments.

Image result for inequality definition Image result for inequality definition

The promise of wealth accumulation by those outside of these circles have had flickering success through the signing of social entrepreneurial spirits. New inventions and the technological age have opened new frontiers for innovation and thus creating new opportunities for virtual richest.

North-South debate (examining inequality on a geographic scale)

To dial back to an earlier point in the discussion though, the laissez-faire /captalist model is referenced as having contributed to the highly extractive approaches that have left many countries in the developing world reeling with the after-effects. The growth and development of many countries in the ‘North’ at the expense of countries in the ‘South’ is debated in many lecture theatres, college hallways and in social media. The main take home is that the wealth in the hands of the few have been also at the expense of so many  with far-reaching geographic impact.

So in the inequality dialogue one must examine what the global recessions – in quick succession, harsh economic climates and banking crises and such have unearthed- serious and indepth analyses at the individual all the way through household and country levels.  From a theoretical perspective it is not surprising that many of the economic paradigms of the last decades have been reviewed and are now being examined. Many of the problems of this world involving inequality for example cannot be resolved by economic means. This is as many researchers and policy analysts have determined that the economic approach have contributed to and have been the cause of much inequality. As we navigate a paradigm shift social engineers only seek to determine whether or not there are key salvageable and meritorious elements of economic models that can be utilized to assist with a re-engineering of our thinking. Inequality after all is a quantitative measure, in so much as it is able to be, used to explain the qualitative construct of the problem.

 

 

 

Marginalization and its consequences…

fight-inequality

I have been grappling with the thought that sometimes- well meaning efforts can have inadvertently deleterious effects despite being impactful. This often happens when I am immersed in some gender related activity. I think on the ways in which many cultures still do not allow the girl child to achieve her fullest human potential. Some girls are primed only as brides and thus chattels of their male counterparts whether as a parent or later as a spouse. It is therefore important work to empower females who are so socialized or who have escaped these oppressive regimes they had been forceably subjected to.

However, observations made in the field, in other societies including mine, is that young males have, or had at some point previous, become themselves marginalized. In Jamaica girls are out performing their male counterparts in most of the indicators of human development. See below for the educational attainment indicator example in Jamaica.

Although the number of boys and girls in Jamaica is roughly equal, according to some recent statistics, 48,992 boys and 81,111 girls sat CSEC subjects, and the girls outperformed the boys in all arts subjects and all science subjects, except mathematics. More than twice the number of females (67 per cent) are enrolled in the University of the West Indies (UWI) than males (33 per cent), and 59 per cent of those enrolled in post-secondary non-tertiary education are women.

Its long been accepted that boys develop differently than girls. Strong family support is needed to nurture  the children  in such a re-socialization process so as to take these into consideration. Girls have a proclivity to learn at faster rates than most boys. The education system must, even through resource constraints, have specialized approaches to capture and retain boys as well as girls. Concurrently, there must be a demystified definition of the gender roles. Our boys AND girls must be equally socialized to realize their fullest potential  within the context of modern societies. Traditional roles have to be retooled such that there are no restrictions contained in either.

Correlation between inequality and crime

Thus, it is ironic that the men are expected to be primary bread winners and providers in their traditional roles as ‘heads of households,’ within the current system that is failing them. In previous articles I have written about the high rate of male drop outs and the large percentage of unattached youths primarily concentrated by the males in the population. With the increasingly high national crime rate and the spate of murders in St. James, data can be found to provide evidence to the underlying cause and effect, not excluding the educational attainment. It is an imperative that we do not attempt to only mitigate against the attendant results but also strive to bring resolution to the innate nature of the problem.

We watch the news and documentaries and we wonder how can people be so murderous. We also wonder how people can be so callous as to scam the elderly out of their pension and life’s savings. It is time for us to get into the belly of the beast and slay the dragon from within. We need to start to understand, not empathize, but to dissect the mindset of deviants. As stated in a TEDWomen talk delivered by Jacqueline Novagratz in 2010 we should seek to understand how someone, ‘…[can] look at other beings, human beings, as lesser than [them]selves and in the extreme, to do terrible things.’ In an episode of the series Black Market on the Vice network, some young males (including boys as young as 12) who were involved in carjacking activities in Trenton, New Jersey, stated, ” its ‘us or them,’ when we are hungry.” This echoes the sentiments by many males who hang on the corner in many inner cities or impoverished neighborhoods here- as well some hardened criminals- and those relegated to a life of crime and illicit activities.

To help to make the connection and to solidify the call for attention to neutralizing gender gaps at the socio-economic levels, Novagratz makes the following point even as she was reflecting on a female parliamentarian who was imprisoned for war crimes.

And there is no group more vulnerable to those kinds of manipulations [see quotation above] than young men. I’ve heard it said that the most dangerous animal on the planet is the adolescent male. And so in a gathering where we’re focused on women, while it is so critical that we invest in our girls and we even the playing field and we find ways to honor them, we have to remember that the girls and the women are most isolated and violated and victimized and made invisible in those very societies where our men and our boys feel dis-empowered, unable to provide. And that, when they sit on those street corners and all they can think of in the future is no job, no education, no possibility, well then it’s easy to understand how the greatest source of status can come from a uniform and a gun.

‘Evolving Intelligence’

I recently, while channel surfing, came across the movie ‘Simone’ starring Al Pacino. What had seemed like a harmless, frivolous quasi- science fiction movie- when I watched it during its first release- had now become an insidiously reflective modern dramatic representation of the reality of artificial intelligence. Further I was led to also reflect on the covert ways in which false narratives have infiltrated our mass media and by extension our minds’ spaces. A pattern is emerging that we need to be aware of in mass media. This pattern can be framed in a question which is- Is it just me or when there are some real serious and earth life threatening events that something- seemingly innocuous- emerges that operates as a side event and/or deliberate distraction. …I am just saying. For example the numerous and questionable killings of black males in the USA vs. Pokemon, Mannequin, etc challenges.

2016 was a watershed year. A lot of societal and value system changing events took place and may have occurred undetected by the masses. It was a pivotal year for Mother Earth and her inhabitants. Just like the discussion around climate change, i.e. is it real or not? There were so many other crises for which real needed attention and resolutions were being derailed by rhetoric. We are in an age of constant ‘clear and present danger,’ environmentally, socially and politically. This requires global consciousness.

The average man cannot afford to be average anymore. We must be (not become) sober. (There is no time for a learning curve). 2017 is the year! This is the year that will set the tone for ….well everything. Our senses, our knowledge, our intelligence should evolve. We should all, as much as possible, dig deeper. Seek clarification. Be more discernible. Determine one’s core belief system. Be resolute. Evolve.

When Love becomes war…

Towards the end of the 2016 period  there was a lot of persons who seemed extra anxious to just be done with it… in some instances one cannot blame them. There seemed to have been so much that happened in the past several months, especially here on the island, which have given us quite a few scary pauses. One of the most troubling was an inexplicable spate of murders committed against women by their domestic partners. At the close of the 2016 the total stood at 24. As a woman this is twenty-four too many. As a social scientist I know that the reasons will be many and deep rooted. A writer in one of the main newspapers here offered up some suggestions as to why a man would kill a woman with whom he would have had a love relationship, at some point. Some of those suggestions were:

  • hurt pride,
  • sense of being betrayed,
  • the ‘no-other’concept -that the woman was made for ‘him’  and ‘no other’ male should get her,
  • the ‘my investment’ concept- that he has invested in her and no other male should reap the dividends,
  • the “my flagship” concept. This is where the woman through her attributes, whether by way of her education, colour, money, or beauty, makes the man look good. These things he does not possess, but because of his association with her, he looks good…and yet another reason, more often alluded to by many as the underlying cause for most domestic violence against women,
  • he deems her as his’“property”. He claims her as his own physically and emotionally. He feels that he can do with her as he wishes, even to the point of killing her.

These are very thought provoking and also insightful. I would like to add to the discussion that most human beings today operate in a state devoid of the core emotions. I engage with persons each day who are experiencing and have experienced abuse and I have surmised that too often we are so overwhelmed by life that we block out those intrinsic elements of our beings such as – empathy and love.  This suppression happens internally BOTH to the victims and the abusers. For example sometimes the victim stifles self preservation for the economic stability afforded her by being in the abusive relationship. At least on the surface of it that is how it would be perceived. Another example may be that she has low self esteem that the abuse sometimes becomes a sick, warped view of being love until it is too late. To the abuser who would have loved the woman, at some point or even during and throughout the abuse feels he loves her, he I posit, does not understand that love- in its most organic state- is not controlling nor hurtful. Love, in fact, is such that it is able to transcend human nature to dominate and to hold captive, thus enabling the ‘loved one’ to be free instead of bring any harm. Free to leave. Free to live.

Similarly,  suppression of basic human emotions happens, externally, to the ‘others’ who are around. We are able to quite easily videotape human tragedy before offering first aid. We are able to easily stay on our side of the wall or fence and listen to couples squabble and not get involve. Us, the others are able to excuse ourselves with, its their problem, I have got my own- which is so much more consuming. We have primarily become less of our brothers keeper. We have become allies in the love war.

 

Youths, crime, International Day of Non-violence and so forth

Sunday, October 2, 2016 was commemorated as International Day of Non-violence; October 2 is also the birth date for the Indian Civil Rights Leader Mahatma Gandhi (1869-1948). This leader, similar to the American Martin Luther King, chose the non-violent approach while living in tumultuous times in their respective countries.It must not have been easy, due to the harsh and challenging socio-economic climate, for these men to literally take the road less traveled. I am sure there were moments when they must have thought twice, even if they did not falter, that perhaps striking back would serve them better. Fortunately for many, including some of subsequent generations, these examples exist that non-violent solutions are viable options which achieve results as much as (and some may argue) even more than other means or approaches.

In light of this commemoration I cannot help but reflect on some of the current affairs of the world-the war in Syria (causing the deluge of displaced peoples and resultant regugee crisis); the number (and nature) of police killings in the United States of America and the violent murders in my own country, particularly in the second city (gravely concerned as a Sustainable Urban Development Planner). It is worrisome to think about the headlines, soundbites, television images and read the details of gruesome and sometimes senseless deaths. I am often led to wonder could there have not been another way? Another alternative not resulting in war and loss of lives?

Crime, Loss of lives and unattached youths 

In Jamaica it is not a national war that is accounting for loss of lives per se, however a persistent crime problem confoundingly  does. Nationally, there are concerns as current indicators used to gauge the extent of the problem, crime statistics in all major categories, exceed past values in similar categories. The authorities and well meaning stakeholders organize and attempt to draft solutions and with resolute aims implement programmes to eradicate crime. Popularly known as crime fighting strategies, all these efforts may continue to have frustratingly limited impact as the root causes still fester.

Taking the bull by the proverbial horn

Poverty and Inequality

In my years working in the different capacities at the local government level, I have often interacted with unattached youths in local communities. I have sat ‘pon di corna’ with well educated young men who had the best high school education but post graduation have found themselves unemployed and /or unable to advance in study. I often remember a very articulate young man who resided off Maxfield Avenue, an inner city community in the capital city and a young woman who reside in an informal community in Montego Bay who were in such a situation. Their addresses have been postulated as the limiting factor. However I strongly believe that poverty is inextricably the underlying and root cause. Poverty through the generations, more specifically, have trapped entire cohorts of the population into a viscous cycle which have results in criminal and illicit undertaking out of [mis]opportunity and desperation. Bills are due every 28 days, hunger pangs every day, babies teary eyes pleadingly look to adult care-givers and the human desire for a particular standard of life yearns within. This position is not a cop-out or excuse to pardon criminals rather it intended as an honest look at the real cause-effect resultant crime problem.

                                                                                                                            Image credit: Photobucket.

Many studies exist providing arguments regarding the correlation between crime and poverty. Take a quick read of Enhancing Urban Safety and Security: Global Report on Human Settlements 2012 prepared by the United Nations HABITAT. Baker (1997) also gives some good comparative information in, Poverty Reduction and Human Development in the Caribbean: A cross country study. It is an obvious imperative that strategies for crime prevention should include poverty reduction and eradication at its core. However, as those in the thick of crime fighting will tell you -THAT though the rub- is easier said than done. Similarly many external stakeholders, including scholars, will posit that the approaches have been primarily crime management strategies.This would then transmit that there is an egregious gap in resolving the crime challenge. Therefore it is time- in a focused, strategized and determined manner – to address the inequalities wrought by poverty. It is through these inequalities that the sleeper cell-like conditions  foster and eventually unleash the purveyors of criminal and illicit activities.

Inequality indicators- access to education, malnutrition and attainment

The extent to which access to education impacts attainment can be measured against the income inequality index. Poorer parents are most unlikely to send their children to school on a consistent basis. Another indicator involves the rate of malnutrition in school age children (particularly at the basic and primary school levels) which is also linked to poverty and inequality. So the odds are stacked high for the youths and those incubated in poverty. However societies have proven to be highly resilient and many persons who lived their formative years in poor households have managed to persevere and rise above the odds. Fortunately there are numerous success stories across the globe to attest to this. However there are many variances. Thus what often obtains is a disquieting percentage of young people in the prime of their lives and in their most productive years essentially not being …well…productive.

Unattached youths …..and detachment

The classification of unattached youths arose from such meaning those –between the ages of 15-24 who are not in school, unemployed and not participating in any training programme. Dissecting and sifting through I want to focus on those within this category who would have completed a course of study up to the High School level. These are the ones I encounter in my community development work and who gravely concern me as they have encountered road blocks external to their control. Such as an unattached youth (especially if that individual followed the rules and norms of society) would have maintained self discipline in academia and concluded a course of study. Follow me now- he/she  would have been led to believe that he/she has an equal opportunity of acquiring employment based on at least  such attainment. In fact the education system inherently facilitates a leveling of the play field. And I could insert here several quotes on education as a way out, etc.

So with the High School education a young person,who incidentally may have plans for advance study, is often led to firstly enter the world of work. This is (a) to ease any burden from the family  for daily subsistence (b) to assist with the household income and (c) which is an addendum to (a) reduce the strain on the household income to provide for furtherance of this education. Therefore, and if you are following, it would be extremely  frustrating, that after several attempts and with a ticking clock, to find that you are prevented from accessing- at the most- an entry level employment…. because of your address. An address which due to the income level of your family that is where you reside. That was your home and the community you grew up in. An address where despite the odds you had daily traversed and  excelled. An address from which you have navigated many obstacles (physically) during volatile periods of uprising; the (social) malaise of those others who ridiculed and tried to discourage you from trying so hard and the (economic) pressing through the hunger pangs and working harder with less resources.

If you are getting the picture then it is not challenging to make some obvious inferences.

The high sophistication of criminal activities which exist in organic settings must be one.For example there is intelligence and ingenuity in some of the reported crime activities which seems humorous at first but leaves a lingering sense of unease. I remember that young man on the corner, off Maxfield Avenue, and from our conversation back then which showcased his brilliant mind, I prayed he was able to become attached …I envision him as an upstanding member of the society with the requisite means of formal employment after attaining advance studies- he was so smart you see. I envision that by now he is married and in my minds eye I see him carpooling his children and their friends between home (in a community above the Half Way Tree clock perhaps or beyond) and school…I pray…

Otherwise I can affix his face to the faceless criminal capable of scamming people out of their hard earned money. I can affix his face to a hardened murderer who has become so detached that he can killed more than once. I can affix his face to one so vile that the cries of a child in a burning home, in the early hours of the morning does not unsettle his nerves. I can affix his face to an errand boy or lackey for a Don charged with disposing a teenage girl’s body in a suitcase and dumping it into the ocean, or burning it in a garbage skip….I can image any of those things.

But I chose not to … I hope that as I write this that young man is stuck in traffic on his way from work, his only frustration being how quickly he can pick up the kids and get home in time to watch the nightly news. A thing he does as he works to create opportunities for young men and unattached youths in poor communities who need a way out.

 

International day of Democracy…late post

September 15, 2016- International Day of Democracy.

This is an interesting commemoration….I tend to believe that certain things are to be intrinsically valued by all, such that there is no need for external reminders but oh well…

There will be a lot of reflections , I suppose, on this thing called democracy today. International agencies such as the UN, multi-laterals and nations on the local level and dare I say by individuals. I posit that fundamental to this reflection on democracy should be the whole notion of FREEDOM. On a point of order I want to just insert the following as a food for thought.

Freedom and democracy are often used interchangeably, [but are thought of as not] synonymous. Democracy is indeed a set of ideas and principles about freedom, but it also consists of a set of practices and procedures that have been molded through a long, often tortuous history. In short, democracy is the institutionalization of freedom. For this reason, it is possible to identify the time-tested fundamentals of constitutional government, human rights, and equality before the law that any society must possess to be properly called democratic.

Source: https://www.ait.org.tw/infousa/zhtw/docs/whatsdem/whatdm2.htm

I want to use a recent event to examine the question- Are we free? Is there freedom of speech?Indeed are these not hallmarks of democracy?… If not what are some other cogent indicators …Are current systems, institutions and procedures democratically administered when questions can’t be asked and responses respectfully forthcoming?

The lens through which to make a brief examination – Resulting from a recent road accident, I have been without a personal mode of transit and instead have returned and taken to the public transportation…once again. You see I am totally all for public mass transit but that’s another entry. This day in particular I was travelling on an express, premium bus, en route home with my child…With such options as ‘express’ and ‘premium’ how can you not be impressed? Anyhoo, I digress…lol. At  a particular junction a very tall and stout woman boarded the bus and announced that she is here to inspect the tickets. She wore a bright yellow top with the clearly, identifying logo, etc. So for those who are not visually impaired and who are beyond functional literacy we could read and determine what she was about…mind you this was really what we had to do…because there was not much more by way of explanation.

I pause here because (1) I took offense to her entry and approach and (2) as a fairly new comer to the system I was, quite frankly, surprised and immediately mentally searched my mind as to where I would locate my ticket.I was not informed by anyone or saw said reminder anywhere that I should retain my ticket. I initially also panicked as based on her imposing stature I wondered what would happen if I did not find this daggone ticket before she got to me. However, whilst all this mental gymnastics was happening to me I heard a male voice to my rear right ask, ‘why do you want to see the ticket?’…good question right?…wellll here was the response…’well Sir you better make sure you have it.’….OMG….WTH!

I was looking quite spiffy that day, midnight black shades and all, but I was livid to the point where my words went ahead of my thoughts and out came, ‘but this woman is not professional, the man has a right to know.’ My son who almost always is embarrassed by me when I publicly defend anything nodged me with his knee (he was standing over me having previously risen and given his seat to a female). As I gave him the obligatory look, he in turn obliged with that warning look, which translated loudly into- DO.NOT.EMBARASS.ME. Well because he had to take the bus more than I, this time, I let it slide. But I was still steaming. So I made a public show of , where is MY ticket. I earned a brief stare of disgust from the [lady] Inspector and some side eyes from a few passenger standing in the immediate vicinity… by now the woman had ‘efficiently’ made her way to the back…no doubt spurred on by the thrill of the fight…saddling up and being ‘ready for this man.’

Of course she eventually got there and the man was insistent on why she needed to see the ticket, she demanded same, grudgingly reeling off the now obvious, ‘its part of my job’ line….The man (who by the way was still in his right) said ‘yes well its all well and good but answer me this- How would I get all the way into and way down the back of the bus, without first having paid at entry at the front door?’…another good question and if I may add a damn good one too!!!!…my son’s knee seemed to press harder into my shoulder here … Also by this time and in that split moment other passengers started to get angry but…at the man! especially when the lady Inspector, in her now booming voice directed the bus driver, to ‘stop the bus’ and let her call for the police to come and take this man off the bus. The man held his ground and even as the passenger next to him tried to placate him and explain that, ‘if he was travelling to the states’…I slapped my head and wondered mentally, ‘oh here we go.’…(the woman passenger continues)…’yes so when you travel and they ask you to show them your ticket, don’t you doit!?…well den is so it go ere so..same way, same thing!?’…as I thought out loud RUBBISH, my valiant male comrade lambasted her and shut her down with, ‘lady stop talk to me please because it is certainly not the same thing here, so stop telling me about when you travel!’

YEASSSSSSS!!!!!! Checkmate my good Sir!…..this post is getting too long so ‘to make a long story short’ ….always loved that phrase…the man eventually stated that he was going to show ‘dis ooman’ his ticket but it was not because of ‘giving up any right’ but as an example of bringing to an end what she did wrong. Quite so!…People the takeaways are obvious but the main thing I want to highlight is that the simple act of that man asking his question and reiterating his position..is a fundamental freedom and right. We should not be afraid to question anything or for that manner question those in authority because guess what that is what democracy is supposedly about. Individual rights. Reciprocal accountability, etc.The fact that the lady Inspector approached the matter in the way she did is not surprising and is indicative of how those in authority operate. Sadly too these simple infringements are manifested tenfold in other aspects of society. The violation of an individual’s right to ask questions becomes the violation of an individual’s  right to equal opportunities, etc. Small things have the ability to become bigger one. The violation of an individual’s right to ask questions of one public servant becomes the violation of an individual’s right to question the whole public service. The violation of an individual’s right to question simple unjust procedures becomes the violation of larger injustices…the more things change, the more they remain the same. The institutionalization of freedom(democracy) is the sum total and collective rights of citizens as governments and governing systems are,after all-  for the people and by the people.